Nursing is one of the oldest professions of the world. Nursing is a combination of arts and science or a combination of mind and heart. Heart of the nurse have basic respect for human life and her mind provide the necessary support to provide the medical help to the patient. Like doctors, nurses also follow some ethical rules. Nurses not only depends on experimental results, but they also consider the patient’s physical, biological and behavioral condition. Here we discuss some most famous nurses in this world.
Florence Nightingale was born on 12th May 1820 to a rich British family in Florence, Italy. She was one of the most famous nurses in this world. She was given this name due to her birthplace. Her father name was William Edward Nightingale and her mother name was Frances Nightingale. In 1837, she started to think that the service of other people is the best job in this world and want to become a nurse. But, due to her family’s opposition, she announced her profession in 1844.
She changed the nursing training program according to the new requirements of the society. She started her training program in Egypt at “Institute of St. Vincent de Paul”. Due to the changes in the nursing program, people called her a founder of the modern nursing. Her most famous work was her contribution in the “Crimean War”. She moved to Istanbul with her students on 21st October 1854. She arrived there in November 1854. Before Florence, the death rate is very high in military hospitals due to poor sanitary conditions, lack of medicines, no availability of nurses etc. She collects data and find out the real problems and then apply all those solutions in all British military hospitals. Data which she collects now called Polar Area Diagram and still used in modern hospitals. She died on 13th August 1910.
Dorothea Dix was born on 4th April 1802 in Hampden, Maine. Her full name was Dorothea Lynde Dix. She was one of the most famous nurses in this world. She was not a good nurse at her time in terms of nursing sense. During the civil war in America, she was appointed on 10th June 1861, as a superintendent of nurses in the American Army.
Her biggest work was the construction of first mental asylum in America. She made a report on mental illness. For this purpose, she traveled all around America and collect the information and presents it to the United States Congress. Due to her efforts, bill “Bill for the Benefit of the Indigent Insane” was passed by both houses of United States Congress in 1854. She moved to Europe and also try to make mental hospitals for mental patients. She got very good results in Europe within two years. Due to her efforts, Trenton hospital was built in 1881 as a mental hospital. She spent her remaining life for this hospital. She died on 17th July 1887.
Edith Cavell was a British citizen. She was born on 4th December 1865 Swardeston. It is a village near to the Norwich. She applied to London Hospital for the nursing program in 1896 and become a professional nurse. In 1907, she moved to Belgium for training. In 1910, she appointed as a training nurse for 24 different schools, three hospitals, and 13 kindergartens.
During the first world war, she served as an in-charge nurse in Brussels Clinic. In November 1914, German army capture Brussels. She hid some French, British and some civilians from the German army and after some time they cross the border and enter on the British soil. Due to this, she was captured by the German Army and pass the death orders. On the morning of 12th October 1915, eight soldiers fired on her and she died on the spot.
Hazel W. Johnson-Brown was the first African-American chief in American Army Nurse Corps. She was born on 10 October 1927 in West Chester, Pennsylvania. She started her professional career in American Army in 1955 and in 1960, she became a 1st lieutenant in army’s nursing corps. She worked in Japan as a nurse and in Korea as chief nurse.
In 1959, she completed her bachelor’s degree (nursing) from Villanova University, master’s degree (nursing education) from Columbia University in 1963 and completed her doctorate (education administration) from Catholic University in 1978. She was the first African-American Brigadier General in United States Army. After retirement from the American’s Army, she worked as a director in “American Nursing Association’s Government Affairs Division” in 1983. In 1986, she was appointed as full Professor (nursing) in George Mason University.
Virginia Avenel Henderson was born on 30th November 1897 in Kansas City, Missouri. She was one of the most famous nurses in the world ever seen, also a theorist, researcher and an author too. She developed the theory of nursing. According to her theory, she clearly and to the point defined the role of a nurse in the healthcare department. She defined that a nurse should aid everyone, well and sick, friend or enemy, etc. it doesn’t matter. She was famous as the first lady of nursing. She gained popularity due to her definition about nursing. She said that,
“The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge".This definition was first published in 1978 in Henderson and Nite."
Henderson completed her graduation from United States Army School of Nursing, Washington DC in 1932, master’s degree from Columbia University in 1934. She started her nursing career in 1921 at the age of 24 years from New York City. She joined Norfolk Presbyterian Hospital in 1924 as a fulltime nursing teacher and served there for more than 5 years. She joined Columbia University as a teacher in 1934 and served here for more than 14 years. In 1953, she decided to become a research associate and then she joined Yale School of Nursing and as a research associate and served there till 1996. She published many papers and books which are used in nursing training programs till now. This one of the most famous nurses died on 19th March 1996 in Branford at the age of 98 years.