Check out the List of Top Most Famous Rivers in the World
The planet we live in "The Earth" is also known as the blue planet because of it being covered with 71% of water. And once such a water body that contributes towards this 71%nof water is Rivers. The rivers are known as one of the significant sources of water. Isn't it astounding that how a single river blesses us with its generosity and provide us with numerous aspects that are essential for our survival? Rivers are the natural flowing water bodies that are generally made of fresh water. These rivers flow towards either an ocean, a lake, a sea or another river. Every river in some way or another has helped the mankind to develop and to live. River water plays a diverse role in part of every individual, and every country is blessed with some most famous rivers or a stream that is treated as a natural waterway of freshwater, that flows into remarked ocean, sea or lake.
From the centuries, Rivers have inspired many poets and painters in the past, and now photographers can't resist themselves to capture their beauty. These rivers are an economic asset for any country as helps in attracting tourism, aid in electricity production, helps in trading purposes and also support the ecosystem by helping in the functioning of various natural phenomena. Below is the list of 10 most famous rivers in the World.
The name of Nile was derived from the Latin word: Nilus, that means valley or a river valley! Nile river is a river of Northeastern Africa with a total length of 6,853 km (4,258 mi)flowing between the region of Lake Victoria and the Mediterranean Sea. It is the longest river on the African continent and is known as one of the longest rivers in the world. It is also referred to as the father of African rivers. Mainly it is associated with Egypt, however, only 22% of the Nile water runs through Egypt. Other than Egypt, its drainage basin covers 11 countries namely Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Kenya, Eritrea, Sudan, Republic of Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Burundi. The water is available throughout the year in the Nile river, which makes cultivation possible. The Nile river is formed from the water of White Nile that is originated from Lake Victoria and the water Blue Nile that is originated from Lake Tana in Ethiopia. These rivers finally confluences in Sudan and then go on their long journey northwards towards the Mediterranean sea.
Amazon River is one of the most famous rivers after the Nile River. It is a river of South America and is referred to as the largest drainage system in the word. The river is 6,400 km (4,000 miles) long which makes it the second largest river in the world. The Amazon River begins as a small tributary called the Carhuasanta that has its source high in the Peruvian Andes, at an elevation of 5,598 m. It is even proven that during the wet season, The Amazon River can reach over 120 miles in width. It has the sheer abundance of flora & fauna that makes it an essential feeding and breeding ground. Alone Amazon river is responsible to carry 20 percent of the fresh water into the world's ocean. Do you know, that 15 million years ago, This great river used to flow in the opposite direction? But after the formation of Andes mountains, the river starts flowing into the Atlantic ocean.
The river derives its name from the ancient fiefdom of Yang, that is used to refer to the river. The Tibetan name for the river is Drichu. The Yangtze is the most important river in China and is also known as Da Jiang in China meaning GReat River. With a length of 6300km(3915 miles), the Yangtze River is the longest river in both China and Asia, and also the third largest river in the world. The river has 8 principal tributaries named Yalung, Min, Jialing, Han Rivers, Wu, Yuan, Xiang & Gan Rivers. It originates from the Tangguka Range in Qinghai Province of Western China and traverses through 11 provinces & cities. Through its course through Qinghai, Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan, Chongqing, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu & Shanghai it finally pours into the East China Sea at Shanghai. The river plays an important role historically, culturally & economically for the people of China.
The word Mississippi itself means The river in French. The Mississippi River is one of the world’s most famous rivers in size, habitat diversity and biological productivity and is (3,710 miles/5,970km) long. Also, the River is the longest river in North America, draining with its major tributaries an area of approximately one-eighth of the entire continent. It is said that the river has the second largest drainage system on the North African Continent. When compared to other world rivers, the Mississippi River ranks fourth in length following the Nile, the Amazon, and the Yangtze Rivers. The River is a home to a diver population of living things varying from water animals to migratory birds to amphibians to reptiles. Did you know that In the summers of 1922, a man named Ralph Samuelson invented the sport of water skiing on Lake Pepin(the largest naturally occurring lake on the Mississippi River)!
The River derives its name “Volga” from the Slavic language that means wetness” or “moisture.” The Volga River is one of the most famous rivers in Europe, and the river is 3,692 kilometers(2,294 miles) long and is located entirely in Russia. Many people of Russia consider it as a National River of Russia! The basin of the river sprawls across the two-fifths of the European part of Russia, that contains almost half of the entire population of the Russian Republic. The course of Volga River is divided into three parts: Upper Volga, Middle Volga & Lower Volga. The River comprises more than 200 tributaries, and Kama river, The Oka river & the Sura River are the most important one. The Volga Delta includes around 500 channels and has a length of about 160 kilometers (99 miles). and smaller rivers. Do you know that The Volga estuary is the largest estuary in Europe, and is the only place in Russia where pelicans, flamingos, and lotuses can be found?
The Ganges, also known as Ganga and is referred to as the holy river of India. The river is 2,525 km (1,569 mi) long that rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India It is a trans-boundary river of Asia, that mainly flows through India & Bangladesh. the river originates from the Gangotri Glacier(Uttrakhand) and drains into the Bay of Bengal through its vast deltas in the Sundarbans. In Hindu Spirituality, the river holds a great importance and is held sacred by Hindus. The river is referred as Goddess Ganga and is often worshipped in its personified form of a River. The Ganges has many mythical stories linked with it, and in the spiritual sense, the Goddess Ganga is considered as the daughter of Himalaya. Rising in the Himalayas, and draining into the Bay Of Bengal, it supports the cultivation of crops like rice, lentils, sugarcane, potatoes, wheat etc. Most of the Ganges flows through Indian Territory, and its five headstreams are: the Bhagirathi, the Alaknanda, the Mandakini, the Dhauliganga, and the Pindar unites and make the Ganges more holy & sacred. The holiest destinations, where Indians unite to take a dip in this river are Haridwar, Allahabad & Varanasi.
The Yellow river also known as Huan He is one of the most famous rivers in Asia and is the sixth longest river in the world. The river is estimated to be 5464 km(3395mi) long, that originates in the Bayan Har Mountains in the province of Qinghai. It is regarded as the world's muddiest river. It gets its name and color from the yellow slit it picks from the Shaanxi Loess Plateau. Some people of China also consider The Yellow River or Huang He as the 'mother river of China'. The headwaters of this mighty river lie in the Kunlun Mountains in northwestern Qinghai Province. The River flows through 9 provinces and independent regions on its way to the Bohai Sea. This magnificent river flows slowly and quietly, like a shy girl that helps in irrigating the farmlands and nurtures the people. It is the belief of Chinese people that the river is the spiritual home of the Chinese people & the cradle of Chinese Civilization.
The river derives its name from a contracted form of Thai and Lao"Mae Nam Khong" that means mother of waters. The river flows through six countries namely China, Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, Cambodia,& Vietnam. Mekong's estimated length is 4,350 km (2,703mi) which makes it the 7th longest river in Asia, and 12th longest in the world. Rising in the South-Eastern province of China, it flows through the Eastern part of the Tibet region and Yunnan province, after which it forms part of the international border between Laos and Thailand, as well as Myanmar(Burma) and Laos. Before draining into the South China Sea south of Ho Chi Minh City, the river flows through Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam
When compared to other parts of Tropical Asia, the diversity of Mekong River Basin’s is immense. Its fundamental biodiversity is viable of natural resource-based rural livelihoods of a population of 60 million people living in the Lower Mekong Basin.
The Indus River, also known as The Sindhu River is one of the most famous rivers in Asia, with a length of 3200 km(2000mi). This is the most important river in Pakistan & India. Originating in the Tibetan plateau in the vicinity of Lake Mansarovar, the river runs the long course, through Ladakh district in Kashmir and Northern Areas, flowing through the North in a and finally merges into the Arabian Sea. In the Sindh plains, the Indus River is the most important supplier of water resources and forms the backbone for food production & agriculture in Pakistan. The largest human habitations were established on the Indus Valley, and two major cities of Indus Valley Civilization were Mohenjo Daro & Harappa. The Indus River rises in the South-western Tibet Region of China and flows through the disputed Kashmir region and then into Pakistan to drain into the Arabian Sea. It is joined by numerous tributaries, notably those of the eastern Punjab Plain—theJhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers.
According to the dictionary, Danube is defined as a River that rise in the Black Forest in South-western Germany. It is the longest river within the European Union and second largest om the Continent. It flows in a southeasterly direction through central and eastern Europe to the Black Sea. It is 2850 km (770 miles) long and passes through ten countries namely, Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova & Ukraine. Since the dawn of history, the river was strategically important as a means of transport and trade for the Roman Empire. In the 21st century, the river continues to play an important role as a trade artery. There are three artificial waterways built on the Danube: the Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal, Danube-Black Sea Canal, & the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal that links the Black Sea to the North Sea
Above was the list of 10 most famous rivers of the world, but there are uncountable rivers that flow on this Earth, and helps the mankind to live and cultivate. Not only those 10 rivers but all the lakes, rivers, oceans and streams are a great source of water that has helped and will help the mankind to irrigate and cultivate. Be it Oceans, Rivers, Lakes or even Small streams, these water bodies are nature’s benefactions to mankind, life without which would not have been possible. Hence it is our sole responsibility to protect and preserve these water reservoirs so that we can pass on this natural heritage to our future generations.